Dharavi Mumbai

Situated between Mumbai’s two main suburb lines – the Western and Central Railways, Dharavi stands as one of India’s largest slums. Often called “Asia’s largest slum”, Dharavi is now competing with four other slums in Mumbai itself for that distinction.With an economy of $1 billion per year, Dharavi.spreads across 200 hectares, and houses a population of anything between 300,000 people to a million (the estimates vary widely).

While there have been many a discussion on the redevelopment of Dharavi, the latest urban redevelopment plan proposed for the Dharavi area is managed by American-trained architect Mukesh Mehta. But beyond the vast discussions around redevlopment, being one of India’s largest slum, and the thriving economy are the lives of the people who live in this area.

Dharavi has a long history of epidemics and disasters. It has severe problems with public health, due to the scarcity of toilet facilities, due in turn to the fact that most housing and 90% of the commercial units in Dharavi are illegal. As of November 2006 there was only one toilet per 1,440 residents in Dharavi. Mahim Creek, a local river, is widely used by local residents for urination and defecation, leading to the spread of contagious diseases. The area also suffers from problems with inadequate drinking water supply.


As photographer lecercle puts it, “Ramshackle corrugated tin, plywood, plastic, pukkah bricks, sheets of asbestos, sweat, toil, people and garbage make Dharavi, just like piles of earth, sand, clay and other materials make ant hills. Dharavi and many other slums like it are nothing but human ant colonies built by legions of our urban poor. They are places which are at same time sombre, moving, joyful and interesting .Push and pull factors, bring people from our villages here everyday in search for something better. They settle here much to the neglect of our apathetic eyes. But under the squalor is great spirit and ingenuity. I went looking for this spirit in this place most people refer to as ‘Asia’s largest slum’ but I would prefer to call the ‘Heart of Mumbai’.”


Type of Girl,I like most😁

  • A girl with matured behaviour and thinking.
  • A classy girl.
  • A girl with decency.
  • A girl with common sense and dressing sense.
  • A girl who speaks less, very silent in nature, introvert and shy kind.
  • A traditional girl.
  • A girl with less male friends.
  • A girl with no past affairs.
  • A girl with beautiful smile.
  • A girl who doesn’t gossip about anyone.
  • A girl who likes my answer ❤
  • Girl who doesn’t answer texts with hmms , k , hashtags.
  • A girl who will take care of my family like she does for her family. (Most important)
  • Girl who is intelligent but also humble
  • Girl who is optimistic and wise.

Oops, I’m sorry did I mention that I’m not looking all this in a single girl. I don’t mind liking different girls for different qualities from the above list. 😉

Just for Fun

Don’t take seriously

Valentine’s Day Courage

Hey friends,
This is Shubham,
Now, Valentine’s day is near and young minds are in trouble ,How to celebrate it.

You can see a lot of memes like it on social media but love is farthest thing .

In India a lot of people stand against of this occasion.
But,My friend,Love has wings😊.
Showing love is our ultimate action for our love ones.
People with conventional mind see it as a hazard,because they think it as only affection and lust.

A Real lover never affected by these things.
Love is another name of god.
We can take example of shree Radha and krishna etc.
What does Valentine Day really stand for? The Valentine’s Day is a celebration of that feeling called Love. Love between lovers (man and his woman) may be the most celebrated kind. However, love of all kind is beautiful and thus, needs to celebrate. Valentine’s Day is celebrated to pay a tribute to Saint Valentine who gave away his life for the cause of love. Valentine’s Day stands for love. So, on this Valentine’s Day, if you do not have a girlfriend or a boyfriend, do not start to feel sad. Instead, search out your life and find people who truly loved, in any form and in any way, and say thank you to them for being there with you when you needed them. All jokes and history lessons aside, it is a great opportunity to showcase your affections with gifts. I sincerely hope that all of you are able to show that special someone how much you care. Hint: Chocolate is amazing. If you’re single, you can be your own special someone. I sure know that I’ll be sending gifts to myself this year; surprise is overrated. As for all you young women, sheep and other creatures out there, at the very least you can be sure to give a special thanks to Ryan Gosling … I mean Saint Valentine.

Life at college: The most glorious phase of one’s life

One of the most interesting stages in life that gives you an opportunity to explore is the ‘college phase.’ Life at college is the time when the teenage years end and we all dive deep into the ocean of new beginnings and possibilities. This golden period better equips you for all the challenges you’ll face in life and creates a strong foundation of knowledge.

My experience at Ch.Ranbir Singh State Institute of engineering and technology has taught me one fundamental thing – life is unpredictable. It might be good, it might be bad, it might be weird, and it might not interest you, but expect anything to happen. For example, you might have a wonderful job this moment, and be fired the very next moment. College life prepares you for all of this. It is a perfect blend of joy and hardships. You meet different people, you interact with them, you learn about their cultures and grow as a person. You will understand how to talk to different people, how to judge their behavior, thus helping you with important life skills.


You learn to sit through a boring lecture; you try to cope up with the surprisingly strenuous syllabus, and you have the opportunity to learn from some great research minds. Academia, as they say, never lets you go free. People might try to motivate you by telling that you need to study only through your school years and chill during the college life, but that isn’t true.



Good for


10:00 AM – 9:00 PM


Evolution of Microprocessor- Types of Microprocessors

The microprocessor is nothing but the CPU and it is an essential component of the computer. It is a silicon chip that comprises millions of transistors and other electronic components that process millions of instructions per second. A Microprocessor is a versatile chip, that is combined with memory and special purpose chips and preprogrammed by a software. It accepts digital data as i/p and processes it according to the instructions stored in the memory.The microprocessor has many functions like functions of data storage, interact with various other devices and other time related functions. But, the main function is to send and receive the data to make the function of the computer well. This article discusses about the types and evolution of microprocessor.Please follow this link for Microprocessor History and Generation of Microprocessor


Evolution of Microprocessor

The microprocessor has become more essential part of many gadgets. The evolution of microprocessors was divided into five generations such as first, second, third, fourth and fifth generation and the characteristics of these generations are discussed below.

Evolution of Microprocessors
Evolution of Microprocessors

First Generation Microprocessors

The first generation microprocessors were introduced in the year 1971-1972. The instructions of these microprocessors were processed serially, they fetched the instruction, decoded and then executed it. When an instruction of the microprocessor was finished, then the microprocessor updates the instruction pointer & fetched the following instruction, performing this consecutive operation for each instruction in turn.

Second Generation Microprocessors

In the year 1970, small amount of transistors were available on the integrated circuit in the second generation microprocessors. Examples of the second generation microprocessors are 16-bit arithmetic 7 pipelined instruction processing, MC68000 Motorola microprocessor. These processors are introduced in the year 1979, and Intel 8080 processor is another example of the microprocessor. The second generation of the microprocessor is defined by overlapped fetch, decode and execute the steps. When the first generation is processed in the execution unit, then the second instruction is decoded and the third instruction is fetched.

The difference between the first generation microprocessor and second generation microprocessors was mainly the use of new semiconductor technologies to manufacture the chips. The result of this technology resulted in a fivefold increase in instruction, speed, execution and higher chip densities

Third Generation Microprocessors

The third generation microprocessors were introduced in the year 1978, as denoted by Intel’s 8086 and the Zilog Z8000. These were 16-bit processors with a performance like mini computers. These types of microprocessors were different from the previous generations of microprocessors in that all main workstation industrialists began evolving their own ISC based microprocessor architectures.

Fourth Generation Microprocessors

As many industries converted from commercial microprocessors to in house designs, the fourth generation microprocessors are entered with outstanding design with a million transistors. Leading edge microprocessors like Motorola’s 88100 and Intel’s 80960CA could issue & retire more than one instruction per clock cycle.

Fifth Generation Microprocessors

Fifth generation microprocessors employed decoupled super scalar processing, and their design soon exceeded 10 million transistors. In fifth generation, PCs are a low-margin, high volume business conquered by a single microprocessor.

Types of Microprocessor

Microprocessors are classified into five types, namely: CISC-Complex Instruction Set Microprocessors, RISC-Reduced Instruction Set Microprocessor, ASIC- Application Specific Integrated Circuit, Superscalar Processors, DSP’s-Digital Signal Microprocessors.

Types Of Microprocessors
Types Of Microprocessors

Complex Instruction Set Microprocessors

The short term of Complex Instruction Set Microprocessors is CISM and they classify a microprocessor in which orders can be performed together along with other low level activities. These types of processors performs the different tasks like downloading, uploading, recalling data into the memory card and recalling data from the memory card. Apart from these tasks, it also does complex mathematical calculations in a single command.

Reduced Instruction Set Microprocessor

The short term of Reduced Instruction Set Microprocessor is RISC. These types of processors are made according to the function in which the microprocessor can carry out small things in specific command. In this way these processors completes more commands at a faster rate.

Superscalar Microprocessors

Superscalar processor facsimiles the hardware on the processor to perform various tasks at a time. These processors can be used for ALUs or multipliers. They have different operational units and these processors can carry out more than a one command by continuously transmitting several instructions to the extra operational units inside the processor.

The Application Specific Integrated Circuit

The short term of Application Specific Integrated Circuit processor is an ASIC. These processors are used for particular purposes that includes of automotive emissions control or personal digital assistant’s computer. This type of processor is made with proper specification, but apart from these it can also be made with off the shelf gears.

Digital Signal Multiprocessors

Digital signal processors are also called as DSP’s, these processors are used to encode and decode the videos or to convert the D/A (digital to analog) &A/D (analog to digital). They need a microprocessor that is excellent in mathematical calculations. The chips of this processor are employed in RADAR, home theaters, SONAR, audio gears, TV set top boxes and Mobile phones

There are many companies like Intel, Motorola, DEC (Digital Equipment Corporation ), TI (Texas Instruments) associated with many microprocessors such as 8085 microprocessors, ASIC, CISM, RISC, DSPs and 8086 microprocessors like Intel

Advantages and Disadvantages of Microprocessors

The advantages of microprocessors are

  • The processing speed is high
  • Intelligence has been brought to systems
  • Flexible.
  • Compact size.
  • Easy maintenance
  • Complex mathematics

Some of the disadvantages of microprocessor are it might get overheated and the limitation of the microprocessor imposes on size of data.

The applications of the microprocessors mainly involve in controllers in home appliances, wireless communication equipments, office publication and automation, consumer electronic goods, calculators, accounting system, video games, industrial controllers and data acquisition systems

Applications of Microprocessor
Applications of Microprocessor

This is all about types and evolution of microprocessor.The availability of microprocessor with low power, low cost, small weight and computing capability make it useful in various applications. In present days, a microprocessor based systems are used in automatic testing product, traffic signal control systems, instructions, speed control of motors, , etc. Furthermore, any doubts regarding this article or electronic and electrical projects, please give your comments in the comment section box.Here is a question for you, which stack is used in 8085 microprocessor?

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